Introduction[ edit ] The traditional Navajo homeland spans from Arizona through western New Mexico, where the Navajo had houses, planted crops and raised livestock. There was a long historical pattern in the Southwest of groups or bands raiding and trading with each other, with treaties being made and broken.
An Abenaki Couple Abenaki — a group of loosely affiliated tribes speaking an Algonquian dialect.
In their own language they are known as the "Wabanaki. Lawrence River basin and south down into Maine and northern Massachusetts.
Most of the Abenakis practiced at least some agriculture, although some other seem to have been almost entirely dependent upon hunting.
The Abenaki experienced epidemics in and of Euro-American origin, which decimated their population. Many were converted to Christianity by French Catholic missionaries or Puritans.
However, many of the whites who were captured by the Abenaki or fled to them, found their culture so agreeable that they were reluctant to return to the European roots. In the colonial wars between the English and the French, the Abenakis generally sided with the more tolerant French against the aggressive and assimilative English.
Raids were made back and forth between the English and Abenakis, and although the Abenakis lost much of their lands in the south, they were able to hold the English at bay for nearly a century.
When New France fell to the Britishthe Abenakis were more hard pressed. In time, especially after the American Revolution, most of their lands fell into the hands of white settlers.
To survive in the following centuries, many Abenakis passed as French Canadians, or lived so far off in the wilderness that there presence was never detected by the settlers. In recent times they have shed their invisibility and have become both more numerous and more prosperous. Akuriyo — a South American Carib tribe of Surinam.
They were a nomadic tribe of hunter gatherers of the jungles of southern Surinam, and were discovered by the outside world in Today only a handful of elders speak the language.
Alabama — a Muskogean tribe of the southern United States, living primarily within the state that now bears their name. They, along with other Muskogean speaking tribes, the CreekHitchitiand Coushattaformed the Creek Confederacy.
Their territory was centered on the upper Alabama River, which like the state through which it runs, was named after them.
The Alabama were strong allies of the French, whom they allowed to build Fort Toulouse in their territory. After that was purchased and settled by the white Americans, they retreated farther into Texas, where they now have a reservation with the Coushatta.
Their languge still exists in Texas. Other Alabama were exiled to Oklahoma with the Creeks in the 's. Their traditional lifestyle was nomadic and entirely dependent on the resources of the sea.
In the 's they were settled in the city of Porta Eden on Wellington Island. Only a few people are left who speak the Kawesqar language. Algonkin or Algonquin — the tribe that gave its name to the Algonquian language family see next entry.
They live in Ontario and Quebec in Canada. They lived in houses that were cone shaped rather like tipis, although sometimes they made rectangular dwellings. Their canoes were made of birch bark. They held that a single supernatural force imbued all nature, a force they deified as Manitou.
The Algonkin were first encountered by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain in The Navajo Nation Treaty of Lives On at the American Indian Museum Marking a year anniversary and a promise kept to return the people to their ancestral home.
treaty between the united states of america and the navajo tribe of indians. concluded june 1, ratification advised july 25, proclaimed august 12, JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.
This is a list of wars fought by the Kingdom of Spain or on Spanish territory. The Long Walk of the Navajo, also called the Long Walk to Bosque Redondo (Navajo: Hwéeldi), Marker where the Treaty of June 1, was signed. Return and end of Long Walk. On June 18, , the once-scattered bands of people who call themselves Din.
D'Abbadie, Arnauld. See: Abbadie, Arnauld d', ? Dabney, Robert Lewis, ¶. A Defence of Virginia And Through Her, of the South, in Recent and Pending Contests Against the Sectional Party (English) (as Author); Dabney, Thomas Ewing¶.