During the antebellum years, Boston was the hub of the abolitionist movement, and when war came, Bostonians played leading roles, both politically and militarily. Visit places of fiery speeches, jailhouse rescues, anti-slavery protests, the underground railroad, military training, Confederate POWs, and much more.
Colonel, 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry. A week later, at the age of 35, Funston was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general of volunteers and given command of a brigade composed of the First Montana and the Twentieth Kansas.
These troops were soon replaced by fresh units and the veterans were ordered home for discharge. General Funston was instructed to report to San Francisco for mustering out and so, though no longer officially connected with his Kansas regiment, he accompanied them back to San Francisco.
Funston was recommended by Major-General Arthur MacArthur for brevet of Major-General of Volunteers for gallant and meritorious services throughout the campaign against Filipino insurgents from February 4 to July 1, Upon arriving at San Francisco, on October 10, his orders were changed and he was sent back to service in the islands.
By this time the fighting had changed to guerilla warfare which continued for the next year and a half. He immediately ordered the courier brought to him.
After decoding the documents that Segismundo was carrying, and being convinced that he was telling the truth, Funston came up with a brilliant plan to capture Aguinaldo. For years, the Americans had tried to capture the leader of Filipino resistance, Emilio Aguinaldo.
All of these attempts had failed, and had resulted only in Aguinaldo fleeing farther north. By MarchAguinaldo had established his headquarters in remote northern Luzon, in the village of Palanan. The isolation and mountainous terrain of this new headquarters destroyed any hopes the Americans had of taking the Filipino leader, until Colonel Funston hit upon a brilliant plan.
The captured messages revealed that Aguinaldo had requested reinforcements. It was a dangerous plan but it was the only way to get past the Filipino scouts in the area. After clearing his plan with General Arthur MacArthur, who was skeptical but desperately wanted to put an end the war, Funston assembled 81 Macabebe scouts to pretend to be the men Aguinaldo had requested.
Funston and four other Americans then posed as prisoners held by the Macabebes.
Five miles from the headquarters, the party stopped and sent a message ahead. The march up the coast took ten days. Funston and the other Americans were not with them, for Aguinaldo, to keep his whereabouts secret, had forbidden prisoners to be brought into the town.
The Americans, however, were able to elude the small guard placed over them and were only minutes behind the main column when it entered Palanan. So suddenly was the capture accomplished that Aguinaldo was already a prisoner when Funston arrived.
Aguinaldo was held for three weeks in Manila. During this time, he capitulated to the Americans and a proclamation was issued declaring his allegiance to the United States and asking other generals to surrender.
However, resistance survived in isolated pockets such as Batangas and Samar.
The administration at Washington called it "the most important single military event of the year in the Philippines. His reward should be signal and immediate.
But not everyone thought of Funston as a hero. Funston soon fell under criticism for his methods used to capture Aguinaldo. A editorial in the Boston Post made the following comments: President McKinley lost no time in making him a brigadier-general. But, as the details have come to light, contempt and disgust have taken the place of admiration.
The American people accepted, though not without some qualms of conscience, the forgery, treachery and disguise with which Funston prepared his expedition. But until recently the full infamy of his conduct has not been understood. A messenger was sent forward to inform Aguinaldo of their position and to beg for food.
Its full significance has just begun to dawn upon the American people. He was then placed in command of the Department of California. Brigadier General Funston was the ranking officer at the Presidio in when one of the greatest natural disasters in California history, the San Francisco Earthquake, occurred on April 18, The shift in the San Andreas fault wrought havoc to the city, but the fires, fueled by debris and gas escaping from broken lines, sprang up in various sections of the city.
Unfortunately, the quake also damaged water mains and to halt the spreading fires city officials decided to dynamite buildings to create fire lanes.
The city fire chief sent an urgent request to the Presidio, an Army post on the edge of the stricken city, for dynamite.Surrenders to Union Forces on February 21, "Image Ownership: Public Domain" The 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment was a volunteer regiment made up of men who wanted to enter the already full 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Oklahoma City Heartache in the Heartland. Approximately 20 Therapy Dogs International volunteers and their dogs responded after the bombing of the Murrah Federal building in Oklahoma City in Oklahoma City Heartache in the Heartland.
Approximately 20 Therapy Dogs International volunteers and their dogs responded after the bombing of the Murrah Federal building in Oklahoma City in The Salvation Army is one of the oldest and largest organizations working for disadvantaged people.
Though it is a charity organization, it has organized a number of volunteering programs since its inception.
He eagerly joined the Union army at the outbreak of the Civil War. He re-enlisted three times, finally becoming a Sergeant in the 16th New York Volunteer Cavalry. On April 24,, he was selected as one of the 26 cavalrymen from the unit to pursue Lincoln Assassin John Wilkes initiativeblog.com Of Birth: Greater London, England. Additionally, a number of important generals came from Massachusetts, including Benjamin F. Butler, Joseph Hooker, who commanded the Federal Army of the Potomac in early , as well as Edwin V. Sumner and Darius N. Couch, who both successively commanded the II Corps of the Union Army. In this four-page letter dated 15 November , Boston lawyer Horatio Woodman aims to convince Massachusetts governor John A. Andrew that the Union army must capture Texas in order to end the Confederate rebellion.
Prior to the 19th century, few formal charitable organizations existed to assist people in need. In the first few decades of the 20th century, several volunteer .
The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to FUNSTON, FREDERICK Rank and Organization: Colonel, 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry. The 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the as part of the Union Army's Department of including racism and segregation, as well as his more personal struggle to cope with a rapidly changing Boston.
A Union officer had asked the Confederates at Battery Wagner for.