Kent, England English naturalist In The Origin of Species the English naturalist Charles Darwin outlined the theory of natural selection, or "survival of the fittest," as the explanation for the changing of living beings over time. His mother, who was the daughter of the famous pottery maker Josiah Wedgwood —died when Charles was eight. His sisters then raised him.
Alexander Georg and Maria Elisabeth had three children, a daughter, who died young, and then two sons, Wilhelm and Alexander. Her first-born son, Wilhelm's and Alexander's half-brother, was something of a ne'er do well, not often mentioned in the family history.
She did have high ambitions for Alexander and his older brother Wilhelm, hiring excellent tutors, who were Enlightenment thinkers, including Kantian physician Marcus Herz and botanist Karl Ludwig Willdenowwho became one of the most important botanists in Germany.
Heyne and anatomist J. Banks also mobilized his scientific contacts in later years to aid Humboldt's work. Portrait of Alexander von Humboldt by Friedrich Georg WeitschHumboldt's passion for travel was of long standing. Humboldt's talents were devoted to the purpose of preparing himself as a scientific explorer.
Wernerleader of the Neptunist school of geology;  from anatomy at Jena under J. Loder ; and astronomy and the use of scientific instruments under F.
During this period, his brother Wilhelm married, but Alexander did not attend the nuptials. Humboldt was excellent at his job, with production of gold ore in his first year outstripping the previous eight years. He opened a free school for miners, paid for out of his own pocket, which became an unchartered government training school for labor.
He also sought to establish an emergency relief fund for miners, aiding them following accidents.
Goethe had developed his own extensive theories on comparative anatomy. Working before Darwin, he believed that animals had an internal force, an urform, that gave them a basic shape and then they were further adapted to their environment by an external force.
Humboldt urged him to publish his theories. Together the two discussed and expanded these ideas. Goethe and Humboldt soon became close friends. Humboldt would often return to Jena in the years that followed. Goethe remarked about Humboldt to friends that he had never met anyone so versatile.
Humboldt's drive served as an inspiration for Goethe. InHumboldt returned to Jena for three months. During this time Goethe moved from his residence in Weimar to reside in Jena. Together Humboldt and Goethe would attend university lectures on anatomy and conduct their own experiments.Thomas Henry Huxley: Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist, educator, and advocate of agnosticism (he coined the word).
Huxley was a vocal supporter of Charles Darwin’s evolutionary naturalism, and his organizational efforts, public lectures, and writing helped elevate the place of science in modern society. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
discussion was the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace, who had hit upon the idea of natural selection independently and had sent a short manuscript about it to Darwin from the Malay Archipelago, where he was collecting specimens and initiativeblog.com July 1, , one year before the publication of the.
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Essays and criticism on Charles Darwin - Critical Essays. Course Area: Not a general education course Designations: Formative Experiences, Upper Division Writing Competency Completion of an Honors in the Major Thesis will count for both Upper-Division Writing and Formative Experiences.
This process normally takes two to three semesters, during which you will register for six to nine hours of level thesis credit.