See Article History Alternative Title: His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U.
Douglass described her as a kind and tender-hearted woman, who treated him "as she supposed one human being ought to treat another". He later often said, "knowledge is the pathway from slavery to freedom. In later years, Douglass credited The Columbian Oratoran anthology that he discovered at about age twelve, with clarifying and defining his views on freedom and human rights.
The book, first published inis a classroom reader, containing essays, speeches and dialogues, to assist students in learning reading and grammar. When Douglass was hired out to William Freeland, he taught other slaves on the plantation to read the New Testament at a weekly Sunday school.
As word spread, the interest among slaves in learning to read was so great that in any week, more than 40 slaves would attend lessons. For about six months, their study went relatively unnoticed.
While Freeland remained complacent about their activities, other plantation owners became incensed about their slaves being educated.
One Sunday they burst in on the gathering, armed with clubs and stones, to disperse the congregation permanently. Thomas Auld sent Douglass to work for Edward Coveya poor farmer who had a reputation as a "slave-breaker". He whipped Douglass regularly, and nearly broke him psychologically.
The sixteen-year-old Douglass finally rebelled against the beatings, however, and fought back. After Douglass won a physical confrontation, Covey never tried to beat him again. Inhe tried to escape from his new master Covey, but failed again. InDouglass met and fell in love with Anna Murraya free black woman in Baltimore about five years older than he.
Her free status strengthened his belief in the possibility of gaining his own freedom. On September 3,Douglass successfully escaped by boarding a train from the newly merged Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad P.
This depot was replaced by the historic President Street Stationconstructed —; it was noted as a site of other slave escapes along one of many routes of the famous " Underground Railroad " and during the Civil War.
Young Douglass reached Havre de Grace, Marylandin Harford Countyin the northeast corner of the state, along the southwest shore of the Susquehanna Riverwhich flowed into the Chesapeake Bay. Although this placed him some 20 miles from the free state of Pennsylvania, it was easier to travel through Delaware, another slave state.
From there, because the rail line was not yet completed, he went by steamboat along the Delaware River further northeast to the "Quaker City" of PhiladelphiaPennsylvania, an anti-slavery stronghold, and continued to the safe house of noted abolitionist David Ruggles in New York City.
His entire journey to freedom took less than 24 hours. I have often been asked, how I felt when first I found myself on free soil. And my readers may share the same curiosity. There is scarcely anything in my experience about which I could not give a more satisfactory answer. A new world had opened upon me.
It was a time of joyous excitement which words can but tamely describe. In a letter written to a friend soon after reaching New York, I said: She brought with her the necessary basics for them to set up a home. The couple settled in New Bedford, Massachusettsinlater moving to Lynn, Massachusetts in He held various positions, including steward, Sunday School superintendent, and sexton.
Inspired by Garrison, Douglass later said, "no face and form ever impressed me with such sentiments [of the hatred of slavery] as did those of William Lloyd Garrison. At another meeting, Douglass was unexpectedly invited to speak. After telling his story, Douglass was encouraged to become an anti-slavery lecturer.
Then 23 years old, Douglass conquered his nervousness and gave an eloquent speech about his rough life as a slave. Buffum were thrown off an Eastern Railroad train because Douglass refused to sit in the segregated railroad coach.
During this tour, slavery supporters frequently accosted Douglass. At a lecture in Pendleton, Indianaan angry mob chased and beat Douglass before a local Quaker family, the Hardys, rescued him. His hand was broken in the attack; it healed improperly and bothered him for the rest of his life.
At the time, some skeptics questioned whether a black man could have produced such an eloquent piece of literature.
The book received generally positive reviews and became an immediate bestseller. Within three years, it had been reprinted nine times, with 11, copies circulating in the United States. It was also translated into French and Dutch and published in Europe. Douglass published three versions of his autobiography during his lifetime and revised the third of theseeach time expanding on the previous one.
The Narrative was his biggest seller, and probably allowed him to raise the funds to gain his legal freedom the following year, as discussed below.As a teacher of Advanced Placement high school juniors, I thoroughly recommend this DVD.
Each year we read Douglass' Narrative, and this video is an excellent . Douglass was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey in Tuckahoe, Maryland, the child of Harriet Bailey, a literate slave.
He didn't know who his father was, but, near the beginning of the Narrative, Douglass suggests that .
Frederick Douglass was born in February on the eastern shore of Maryland. His exact date of birth remains unknown. His mother, from whom he was separated at an early age, was a slave named Harriet Bailey.
She named her son Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey. He never knew or saw his father. Slave and Citizen: The Life of Frederick Douglas (Library of American Biography Series) [Nathan Irvin Huggins, Oscar Handlin] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Portrays the life of the fugitive slave, abolitionist, and diplomat, paying attention to the meaning of freedom in America during the Civil War era and Douglass' significance to the struggle for human and civil rights.
To counter skeptics who doubted that such an articulate spokesman could ever have been a slave, Douglass felt impelled to write his autobiography in , revised and completed in as Life and Times of Frederick initiativeblog.comss’s account became a classic in American literature as well as a primary source about slavery from the bondman’s viewpoint.
The abolitionist movement, which struggled to snuff out slavery in the United States in the years prior to the Civil War, boasted Frederick Douglass as one of its star proponents..
A Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (), his memoir which recounts his birth as a slave in Tuckahoe, Maryland, to his escape to Massachusetts in , and acted as a treatise on.